Botanical Name: Olea europaea
Common Name: Olive, Edible Olive  
Plant photo of: Olea europaea
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Water Saving Tip:

Replace turf with groundcovers, trees, and shrubs. If you have areas where no one uses the grass, patches that do not grow well, or a turf area too small to water without runoff, consider replacing the turf with water-efficient landscaping.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range

12-25', 25-40'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Grey Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season








Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky


Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Allergenic, Messy

Design Styles

Mediterranean, Ranch, Seascape, Spanish, Woodland


Accenting Features

Fragrance, Multi-trunk Tree, Specimen


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Lawn, Patio, Park


Special Uses

Shade Tree


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Jerry Sortomme
Photographer: Normans/Jacobs/Sortomme
  • Description

  • Notes

This broad tree will slowly grow to 20'-30' tall and wide. It has small, grey-green, evergreen leaves. Small white fragrant flowers bloom in spring, followed by fleshy black fruit that appears in fall. Fruit is messy and can stain sidewalks. There are cultivars that do not produce fruit. Some folks are allergic to the blooms. This tree is very long lived, with a beautiful gnarled trunk. It prefers full sun and low watering in summer months (twice a month) and none during the winter, when established.
Planting Instructions: 1. Dig a hole 2 times the width and 1 and 1/2 times the height of the container. 2. Set rootball just above ground level. 3. Mix soil with 25% amendment and %75 soil. 4. Backfill with amended soil. 5. Build basin and water.